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A Comparative life cycle assessment of Canadian Hardwood flooring with Alternative flooring Types iv. In addition to the five impact categories, non-renewable and renewable primary energy use was included in the assessment. The U.S. ...... plastic strapping kg. 0.83. Steel strapping kg. 1.1. Paint l. 0.012. Corrugated cardboard kg. 24.68. wood pallet. No. 1.92. Packaging trucking tkm (km). 14.23 (250). 3.1.3 LCI Data Sources for Material and Energy Inputs. The secondary LCI data& ...

flooring materials in Sweden, and solid wood flooring is often referred to as the traditional and environmentally friendly alternative to modern flooring. It was of interest to ascertain whether or not this view is confirmed by quantitative. LCA. The study was .... more plastic and stretch- able. The pigment mainly used is titanium dioxide. Calcium carbonate is the main filler used in the product studied. Finally, a surface layer of polyurethane (PUR) is put on. The Ii& cycle qf'solid wood,flooring.

wood-plastic composites (WPCs) are a product class that has been developing over the last 40 years resulting in ... recovered wood products in long-life products sequesters atmospheric carbon and can produce a positive environmental impact (Hill et al. 2015). wood is often used in plastics as a means to reduce price compared to a solid plastic product. wood used in WPCs often ...... life cycle assessment (LCA) is means of estimating the environmental impact of a product and the& ...

wood waste in construction and demolition waste is higher than in many other EU countries and where there is little demand for recycled wood. Since the life cycle environmental impacts of wood packaging waste and construc- tion wood waste have not been previously examined, the Ministry of the Environment ordered an analysis from the Finnish Environment Institute. At the Finnish Environ- ment Institute, the life cycle analysis was conducted by Kaisa Manninen, Jáchym. Judl and& ...

ABSTRACT. This thesis is a life cycle assessment (LCA) on three window types commonly available to the North American residential consumer: PVC, fiberglass, and wood covered with an aluminum cladding. The LCA was a case study based on the production of the three windows by a single representative manufacturer of each type. Average transportation distances, commodity systems, maintenance, and service life estimations were used to complete the life cycle inventory model.

innovative ceramic tiles, eco-cement, green concrete. (conventional and AAC), and wood plastic composite. Second, at the industrial symbiosis case an eco- industrial park is conceptualised to manufacture the. FISSAC products. Through the use of LCA methodology and software the environmental impacts from the production of the different products have been identified and quantified for the different scenarios. Data required for the LCA analyses on quantities, input and output in the.

life cycle assessment of Different. Building Systems: The Wälludden Case. Study. Diego Peñaloza, Joakim Norén, Per-Erik Eriksson. SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden. SP wood Technology. Borås Skellefteå Stockholm Växjö ..... 0.2 mm plastic film, PE. 13 mm gypsum plasterboard, 720 kg/m³. 15 mm gypsum plasterboard, 825 kg/m³. floor-ceiling. Foundation. Both Designs. Both Designs. 14 mm laminated wood flooring. 2 mm expanded polyethylene. 22 mm particle& ...

Glues are not considered for linoleum and PVC whereas a small quantity is consid- ered for the wooden floor. The impact assessment of the original studies uses a particu- lar methodology; Windsperger et al. (1998) have recalcu- lated the study by Jonnson (1999) using the CML 92 meth- odology (Heijjungs et al. 1992). These results are included in Section 4. 2.4 Wall constructions. Meil et al. (1995 ) assess the life cycle related impacts of a. 3m x 30m infill wall designed in wood and& ...

b) comparison between sheds made of wood (nailplate structure), steel and concrete structure (shell only);. Window frames (lifetime 30 years): Comparison between wood, PVC and aluminium windows;. flooring materials: Comparison between wood flooring, PVC flooring, linoleum and parquets of different types;. a) comparison between wood, PVC and linoleum flooring; and b) comparison between parquets of different types. The LCA results can be summarized as follows:& ...

involve the building construction industry to achieve sustainable development in the society. life cycle assessment (LCA) is a very helpful tool in this regard that not only provides an account of materials and energy involved in a product or system .... life cycle COMPARISON of floor COVERING MATERIALS: VINYL COV…/ POLİTEKNİK DERGİSİ, CİLT 14, SAYI 3, 2011. 205 forest to dry for one year. After transport to the saw mill, the wood is chipped. The wood chips are stored.

methodology. In order to understand environmental performance of several flooring materials in relation to economic factors, life cycle assessment (LCA) is con- ducted for linoleum, vinyl composition tile, nylon carpet tile, composite marble tile, ceramic tile, terrazzo, cork and rubber flooring. ... and Solberg conducted an analysis for green- house gas emissions and associated costs of wood floor- ... into the environmental and health impacts of PVC ma- terials for buildings. Two types of& ...

life cycle assessment of wood-plastic Composites (WPC). Introduction. The Commission of the European Communities released the lead market initiative for Europe in 2007 which considers Europe's competitiveness for future markets based on an innovation-driven, sustainable economy. The assessment of environmental impacts and accounting for GHG emissions is since then driven with political support for industrial innovations towards a sustainable community. life cycle& ...

A full cradle-to-grave life-cycle analysis is beyond the scope of this study. Data collected from the mills on individual response categories is presented as averages derived by weight averaging each mills contribution to total production. Results reflect the environmental impact of material and energy flows required to produce 1.0 cubic meter (423 board feet) of solid hardwood flooring. Data quality was very good for this study based on mill representativeness, captured& ...

Reduction. WARM considers emission factors for source reduction, combustion, and landfilling for wood flooring. As Exhibit 2 illustrates, the GHG sources and sinks relevant to wood flooring in this analysis are spread across all three sections of the life-cycle assessment:materials acquisition and manufacturing (RMAM), changes in forest or soil carbon storage, and materials management. Exhibit 2: wood flooring GHG Sources and Sinks from Relevant Materials& ...

life cycle assessment review: solid wood flooring and parquet. 78. 4.3.3. life cycle assessment review: laminate flooring and other wood-based panels. 84. 4.3.4. life cycle assessment review: ...... PVC. Polyvinyl chloride. REACH. Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals. SFM. Sustainable Forest Management. SME. Small and Medium Enterprise. SVHC. Substance of Very High Concern. TOC. Total Organic Carbon. TSS. Total Suspended Solid. VOC.

vinyl, linoleum, bamboo, hardwood, carpet made of natural or a variety of synthetic fibers, and more. The differences in ... This report examines available life cycle assessment data for a number of flooring products. Research ..... assumed to be equal. Table 3. Findings of a Swedish LCAa/ of Three Types of flooring. (Green highlighting indicates lowest environmental impact). Type of flooring. Linoleum. Vinyl (PVC). Solid wood (Pine). Estimated service life. 25 years.

3.2.2. The environmental impact of concrete. 6. 3.3. plasticS. 6. 3.4. EPOXY plastic. 7. 3.4.1. Epoxy plastic in industrial flooring. 7. 3.5. THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT of EPOXY plastic. 8. 3.6. HTC SUPERfloor . 8. 3.6.1. Manufacture. 8. 3.6.2. Cleaning. 11. 3.7. PERAN SL. 11. 3.7.1. Manufacture. 12. 3.7.2. Maintenance. 12. 3.8. CONCRETE RECYCLING. 12. 4. METHOD life cycle assessment. 14. 4.1. THE ISO 14040 SERIES. 14. 4.2. OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE.

Most flooring application studies conclude that linoleum has comparable or slightly fewer environmental impacts compared to PVC flooring of equivalent quality in the production phase. One study (IPU 0013) states that wooden flooring tends to have lower impacts than PVC and linoleum, but is more demanding in the use and mainte- nance phase. There is little LCA information about carpeting, a main competitor for flooring applications. For roofing applications both available studies& ...

Sustainable flooring is produced from sustainable materials that reduces demands on ecosystems during its life-cycle. This includes harvest, production, use and disposal. It is thought that sustainable flooring creates safer and healthier buildings and guarantees a future for traditional producers of renewable resources that many communities depend on. Several initiatives have led the charge to bring awareness of sustainable flooring as well as healthy buildings (air quality). Below are& ...

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